By 1763, the people living in the English colonies had grown use to governing themselves through locally elected assemblies. However a costly war with France led King George and Parliament (British Government) to raise taxes on the colonies. New laws like the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts raised taxes on goods like sugar, paper, paint, glass and tea. Many colonists grew angry with the new taxes, because it made goods more expensive, but also because the colonists had no voice in the British government that decided the laws. "No taxation without representation!", became popular slogan to convey their frustrations.
An especially outspoken colonial merchant, Sam Adams, rallied angry colonists to form a group called the Sons of Liberty. This group spoke out against the taxes, organized boycotts of British goods, and even attacked tax collectors. This violence turned deadly one night, when British soldiers fired into a crowd of rioting protesters.
Colonial protests and boycotts led to the repeal of some of the taxes, but King George and Parliament passed new unpopular laws. The Sons of Liberty responded by tossing British tea into Boston Harbor. Known as The Boston Tea Party, this event would prove to be a breaking point. As King George attempted to tighten control of Boston, colonists began to prepare for battle. It wouldn't be long before war would come to Boston, New England, and eventually all of the American colonies.
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